Driving Notes

The Official Blog of WNZR's Afternoon Drive

Mystery Monday – Chocolate Chips!

Good afternoon! Today is Chocolate Chip Day, so I took the show today to give you some fun facts and some history on the chocolate chip! says that the best way to eat chocolate chips is by the handful, straight out of the bag, and I’m pretty inclined to agree with that statement.

Since today was Mystery Monday, we had a chocolate chip related Mystery Question!
My question was: “Who is credited with the invention of the chocolate chip?”

Congrats to Olivia of Mt. Vernon, who correctly answered our question!
The correct answer was Ruth Graves Wakefield!

Check out some of the fun facts and history that I talked about on the show today below!

It all started at a little place you may recognize the name of, the Toll House Inn. Located in Whitman, Massachusetts, it just happens to be the home of that most favorite of cookies, the chocolate chip cookie. Ruth Graves Wakefield had originally planned on making a chocolate cookie, and decided to do so by throwing in chunks of a chocolate bar into it. In a happy accident, it turned out that the chocolate did not melt and mix with the rest of the cookie, but maintained its shape, filling the cookie with delicious little chocolate bits.

But it didn’t immediately go from chocolate bar to chocolate chip, there was a little innovation that happened in between first. Based off of the success of the cookies she made, Nestle agreed to add Ms. Wakefield’s recipe to their wrapper. What did they pay her for this honor? A lifetime supply of chocolate! Sounds like an awesome deal to us too! Nestle (and at least one other company) went on to include a chopping tool to help prepare the bars for use in cookies. That is, right up until 1941 when they started selling them as ‘chocolate chips’ or ‘chocolate morsels’.


  • The chips melt best at temperatures between 104 and 113 °F (40 and 45 °C). The melting process starts at around 90 °F when the cocoa butter in the chips starts to heat. The cooking temperature must never exceed 115 °F (for milk and white) or 120 °F (for dark) or the chocolate will burn.
  • Today, chocolate chips are very popular as a baking ingredient in the United States and the chocolate chip cookie is regarded as a quintessential American dessert.
  • Chocolate chips are also available in Europe, Australia, and other parts of the world. Nestlé and The Hershey Company are among the top producers of chocolate chips.
  • In 1987 Chester Soling sponsored a contest to find the best recipe for chocolate chip cookies and got over 2.600 responses for various recipes.

    Our word of the day today was peregrinate.
    verb || PAIR-uh-gruh-nayt
    This means to travel especially on foot, or to walk or travel over.

    We begin our narrative of the linguistic travels of peregrinate with the Latin word peregrinatus, the past participle of peregrinari, which means “to travel in foreign lands.” The verb is derived from the Latin word for “foreigner,” peregrinus, which was earlier used as an adjective meaning “foreign.”That term also gave us the words pilgrim and peregrine, the latter of which once meant “alien” but is now used as an adjective meaning “tending to wander” and as a noun naming a kind of falcon. (The peregrine falcon is so named because it was traditionally captured during its first flight—or pilgrimage—from the nest).

    Thanks for listening!

NZ Top 10 5/12

Lets get right to the countdown, shall we?

10. Magnify – We Are Messengers
9. Chain Breaker – Zach Williams
8. Rise – Danny Gokey
7. Never Been a Moment – Micah Tyler
6. Home – Chris Tomlin
4. I Have this Hope – Tenth Avenue North
3. What a Beautiful Name – Hillsong Worship
2. Love Broke Thru – TobyMac
1. Even If – MercyMe

For our Behind the Mic feature, we talked with Blanca about her 2015 hit, ‘Who I Am’.
Check out her interview with NewReleaseToday here!

Our NZ Breakout Hit of the Week came courtesy of Citizen Way!
Check out their new song “Bulletproof” here!

Our NZ Back to Back Artist Spotlight fell on Sidewalk Prophets!
Check out their songs ‘Impossible‘ and ‘Prodigal‘!

Praise God for Moms!


We are praising God for Moms today!

The book of Proverbs provides some excellent reflections for us as we consider the importance of our mothers:

Proverbs 31:10-12 –
A wife of noble character who can find? 
She is worth far more than rubies. Her husband has full confidence in her and lacks nothing of value. She brings him good, not harm, all the days of her life.

Proverbs 31:30-31 –
Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. Honor her for all that her hands have done, and let her works bring her praise at the city gate.

Proverbs 6:20-22 –
My son, keep your father’s command and do not forsake your mother’s teaching. Bind them always on your heart; fasten them around your neck.
When you walk, they will guide you; when you sleep, they will watch over you; when you awake, they will speak to you.

Proverbs 23:22-25 –
Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old.
Buy the truth and do not sell it— wisdom, instruction and insight as well.
The father of a righteous child has great joy; a man who fathers a wise son rejoices in him. May your father and mother rejoice; may she who gave you birth be joyful!

Ephesians 6:1-3 –
Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise—“so that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth.”

Luke 1:46-49 –
And Mary said: “
My soul glorifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant. From now on all generations will call me blessed, for the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is his name.

This is Mary’s praise to God, despite the difficult circumstances, of being chosen to carry the Christ child.

Our Word of the Day: saudade (soh-DAH-duh), a Portuguese word meaning  a deep emotional state of melancholic longing for a person or thing that is absent: the theme of saudade in literature and music.

Thanks for listening!


Today we took Who Knew Wednesday to talk about Mother’s Day, and all the who knew’s that go along with it!

Here’s some history and fun facts!

Mother’s Day is a holiday honoring motherhood that is observed in different forms throughout the world. The American incarnation of Mother’s Day was created by Anna Jarvis in 1908 and became an official U.S. holiday in 1914. Jarvis would later denounce the holiday’s commercialization and spent the latter part of her life trying to remove it from the calendar. While dates and celebrations vary, Mother’s Day most commonly falls on the second Sunday in May and traditionally involves presenting mothers with flowers, cards and other gifts.

The origins of Mother’s Day as celebrated in the United States date back to the 19th century. In the years before the Civil War, Ann Reeves Jarvis of West Virginia helped start “Mothers’ Day Work Clubs” to teach local women how to properly care for their children.

These clubs later became a unifying force in a region of the country still divided over the Civil War. In 1868 Jarvis organized “Mothers’ Friendship Day,” at which mothers gathered with former Union and Confederate soldiers to promote reconciliation.
The official Mother’s Day holiday arose in the 1900s as a result of the efforts of Anna Jarvis, daughter of Ann Reeves Jarvis. Following her mother’s 1905 death, Anna Jarvis conceived of Mother’s Day as a way of honoring the sacrifices mothers made for their children.

After gaining financial backing from a Philadelphia department store owner named John Wanamaker, in May 1908 she organized the first official Mother’s Day celebration at a Methodist church in Grafton, West Virginia. That same day also saw thousands of people attend a Mother’s Day event at one of Wanamaker’s retail stores in Philadelphia.

Our Word of the Day today was holus-bolus.
This is an adverb, and it means all at once or altogether.
Holus-bolus, like the much earlier hocus-pocus, is a mock-Latin phrasemeaning “whole lump, whole bolus (a round mass of medicine).” An etymologyof sorts has holus-bolus as a Latinization of Greek hólos bôlos “whole lump,clod of earth, nugget.” The term entered English in the 19th century.

Thanks for listening!

Game Time Tuesday!

Today for Game Time Tuesday, we played our two fun games, Song Poetry, and Name that Tune. With Song Poetry, we read a small section of lyrics from a song we play on the station, and you have to call in and guess the artist as well as the name of the song!

Our Song Poetry song today was ‘He Knows My Name’ from Francesca Battistelli!
Congratulations to Lisa of Danville who correctly guessed!

For Name That Tune, we play a 10 second clip of a song we play on the station, and again, you have to guess the artist and the name of the song.
Our song for Name That Tune was ‘How Can I Keep From Singing ‘ from Chris Tomlin!
Congratulations to our winner, Triana of Bellville!

Thanks for listening!

A Munchie Mystery Monday

Good afternoon! Thanks for tuning in for the Afternoon Drive!
Today was Mystery Monday, and we saw the return of the Mystery Box! Joe hid, and I had to guess what was in there. Joe was pretty stumped the last time we did the Mystery Box, but Joe did eventually guess what it was. (It was a guitar capo by the way 🙂

Also, this is an item we could do the taste test on, and I was very excited about that!

When we did the hearing test, I learned it wasn’t a very heavy object, and it slid pretty easily, From the questions I asked, I learned that it’s something you’d normally find in a kitchen, and it is not a breakfast item. From the smell test, I learned that my brain is stupid and it won’t identify a smell that I know I know. It’s an item that has chocolate in it, and we learned that it is a standalone item. Normally you’d eat this item on its’ own.
We then found out it was a candy bar, and I think that sealed it for me.
HA! No I didn’t. I thought it was a Crunch Bar, but no! Alas, it was not.
Thanks to Mike of Fredericktown who helped me out!

Our word of the day today was Oleaginous
This is an adjective that means 
having the nature or qualities of oil, containing oil, or producing oil! Oleaginous has always meant “oily, fatty, greasy” to describe plants, fruits,vegetables, fish, and stones. Oleaginous acquired its uncomplimentary sense“smarmy, unctuous” in the 19th century. Oleaginous entered English in the17th century.


Thanks for listening!!!

NZ Top 10 – 5/5

Good afternoon! Thanks for tuning in for the Top 10!
Let’s get right to it!

10. We are Messengers – Magnify
9. Zach Williams – Chain Breaker
8. Chris Tomlin – Home (Biggest mover! +2 from last week)
7. Micah Tyler – Never Been a Moment
6. Danny Gokey – Rise
5. Tenth Avenue North – I Have this Hope
3. Hillsong Worship – What a Beautiful Name
2. TobyMac – Love Broke Thru
1. MercyMe – Even If (8th week on the countdown, 1st week at #1)

This week, we went Behind the Mic with Colton Dixon!
He talked about his latest song, “All that Matters”. Check out Coltons’ thoughts on the song and more about his album here!

Our NZ Breakout Hit was from a new artist here on the station, Hannah Kerr!
Check out her song ‘Radiate’ here!

Our Back-to-Back Artist spotlight fell on the Newsboys this week!
Check out their songs ‘Shine‘ and ‘Born Again‘!

Our New Music Friday feature was a new one from Ryan Stevenson!
Check out his new song ‘The Gospel’ here!

Praise Thursday – Prayer!

Thanks for joining us today for a very special Afternoon Drive! Today is the National Day of prayer, and today on the show we talked about just how powerful and important prayer really is!

We read from Ephesians 6:10-20, which reminds us that through prayer, we are fearlessly making known the mystery of the gospel! Check it out here!

Pray also for me, that whenever I speak, words may be given me so that I will fearlessly make known the mystery of the gospel, for which I am an ambassador in chains.Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should.”
-Ephesians 6:19-20


We then read from James 5:16-20, which reminds us that prayer is to be used in all circumstances, and that God does truly answer prayer. Read it all here!

“And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise them up. If they have sinned, they will be forgiven. Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.”
James 5:15-16

In Psalm 23, we are reminded that God is walking side by side with us through our hardest times. God is listening to your prayers. God knows the plans He has for you. If He is walking with you through your darkest valleys, He hears your prayers.

Even though I walk
    through the darkest valley,
I will fear no evil,
    for you are with me;
your rod and your staff,
    they comfort me.
Psalm 23:4

Our word of the day today was dendrochronology
And this is the science dealing with the study of the annualrings of trees in determining the dates andchronological order of past events!

Dendrochronology entered English in the 1920s. It is derived from the Greek terms déndron meaning “tree” and chrónos meaning “time.” The combining form -logy is used in the names of sciences.

Thanks for listening!
Have a great evening!

National Day of Prayer Who Knew!

Good afternoon! It was a nice, sunny day here in Mt. Vernon, and today we brought you ‘who knew’s’ about tomorrow’s event, the National Day of Prayer.

Our National Day of Prayer gathering is going to be tomorrow night, at 7 o’clock.
If it’s raining, this event will be held in Thorne Performance Hall in the Chapel of MVNU.
If it’s not raining, it will be held on the public square in Mt. Vernon.

If you’d like to check out their website, you can do that here!

Here’s some fun facts about the National Day of Prayer!

The mission of the National Day of Prayer Task Force is to mobilize prayer in America and to encourage personal repentance and righteousness in the culture.

The National Day of Prayer is an annual observance held on the first Thursday of May, inviting people of all faiths to pray for the nation. It was created in 1952 by a joint resolution of the United States Congress, and signed into law by President Harry S. Truman. Our Task Force is a privately funded organization whose purpose is to encourage participation on the National Day of Prayer. It exists to communicate with every individual the need for personal repentance and prayer, to create appropriate materials, and to mobilize the Christian community to intercede for America’s leaders and its families. The Task Force represents a Judeo-Christian expression of the national observance, based on our understanding that this country was birthed in prayer and in reverence for the God of the Bible.

“Fasting and prayer are religious exercises; the enjoining them an act of discipline. Every religious society has a right to determine for itself the time for these exercises, and the objects proper for them, according to their own particular tenets; and right can never be safer than in their hands, where the Constitution has deposited it.” 
—Thomas Jefferson, 1808

1st John 5:14 says:
“This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, He hears us.”

And in Ephesians 3:20&21, it reminds us of this…
“Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we askor imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, 21 to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.”

Our word of the day today was ‘minatory’! 
This is an adjective that means 
menacing or threatening.

Minatory is from the Latin minārī, which means “to threaten,” Another derivative in Latin is the Late Latin noun minātor, which its’ definition lends itself more to cattle,  and it means: “one whodrives cattle with threats, drover.” This “country” usage persisted in French, in which the verb mener, a direct descendant of Latin minārī, means “to lead.”Minatory entered English in the 16th century.

Now there’s the animal the Minotaur, which you’d think has some roots to the word ‘minatory’, but it actually doesn’t. A minotaur is part bull, and part man. The word Minotaur he term actually finds its roots from the Ancient Greek Μῑνώταυρος, a compound of the name Μίνως, which translates as Minos, and the noun ταύρος, which means bull“, translated as “(the) Bull of Minos”.  And Minos, in Greek Mythology, was the first King of Crete. And Minos was the son of Zeus and Europa.

You get a little bit of a double dose of definitions and a history lesson today for the Word of the Day, so I hope you enjoyed it 🙂

Thanks for listening, and we hope to see you tomorrow for the National Day of Prayer!

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